1. Types of Appliances:
Whilst your child is still growing, functional appliances can be used to help solve the problem of narrow upper and lower jaws, which could cause crowding of the permanent teeth. Functional appliances are usually removable plates that fit over the teeth and change the bite to achieve a more desirable jaw position.
After the orthopaedic treatment with functional appliances, fixed braces usually follows. If your child is 12 or 13 years old, this may be the stage that their treatment will begin using fixed braces to move the teeth into the desired alignment.
Orthodontic treatment using braces usually begins when most of the permanent teeth have erupted.
Braces are the small, square attachments (called brackets) that are bonded with special orthodontic adhesive to the teeth. There is a small slot in the middle of the bracket into which the orthodontic arch wire fits. In order to hold the wire in place, small tiny elastics are wrapped around the outside of the braces. It is the combination of the braces, the wire and the elastics that help the tooth move into its proper position.
3. Removal sequential aligners:
Sequential aligners are designed to straighten the teeth by using digital technology to make a number of plates that each move the teeth a small amount and when worn 20 hours a day can make significant changes in the alignment of the teeth.